- Arjuna said:
Krishna, those who give up the wise teachings, but practice in their
own way with full trust, in what element are they? Sattvas, rajas or
- The Blessed One said:
Trust is divided into three kinds among those with bodies, depending
on their dominant element, whether they are in the element of sattvas
(truth), rajas (passion) or tamas (ignorance). Now hear what I have
to say about this.
- Scion of Bharata, a person's trust will vary according to each
person's reality. One who lets themselves trust will certainly become
filled with trust.
- Those who are in the element sattvas will practice toward the
divine spirits. Those who are in the element rajas will practice toward
the spirits of nature. Those people who are in the element tamas will
practice toward the ghosts, empty spirits.
- Those people who undergo unwise abstinences that are harmful to
themselves and others, they are bound by pride and arrogance. They are
driven by lusts and attachments.
- Torturing the natural impulses of the body because of a lack of
true consciousness, understand that although I am within their individuality,
they have also filled themselves with demons.
- There are three different kinds of foods that will be appealing
to each of the kinds of people; as well as three different kinds of
ritual, disciplines, and charities. Now hear of the differences between
- The food that is appealing to one who is in sattvas is positive
to one's health, strength and long life. It brings more satisfaction
and pleasure. It is juicy, fatty, filling and fulfilling.
- The food that appeals to one in rajas is bitter, sour, salty,
spicy, pungent, dry, and hot. It causes sorrow, misery, and disease.
- The food that is the favourite of one in tamas is old, tasteless,
foul smelling, rotting and left over from the meals of others. It is
- The rituals that are performed according to wise guidance and
without lust of result could only be performed by someone who focuses
their mind in the element of truth (sattvas).
- Best of the Bharatas, be informed that ritual performed for the
sake of some goal is done in the element of passion (rajas).
- And ritual performed without wise guidance, for greedy purposes,
without the vibrating of mantras, without sharing or service, and without
trust is to be considered as being in the element of ignorance (tamas).
- Practicing service to the divine, to the initiates, to the guru,
and to others worthy of service; cleanliness, simplicity, directing
all desires to Brahma, and nonviolence are said to be proper bodily
- Words that are not disturbing, truthful, appealing and helpful
and which do not contradict the teaching of the Masters; these are said
to be discipline of speech.
- The gifted mind, without deceiving others, seriously focused
on the soul, purifying one's being, is said to be practicing discipline
- Having committed with greater trust these threefold disciplines,
men who have no ulterior motives or lust of result are said to be practicing
in the element of sattvas (truth).
- Practicing worship for the sake of gaining honour or being respected
by others, and practicing disciplines in this world out of pride are
said to be done in the element rajas (passion). Their results are wavering
- Those who foolishly strive against their own souls, who perform
disciplines of self-torture, or who wish to do harm to others, they
are said to practice in the element tamas (ignorance).
- Giving charity to those whom it is worth giving to, with no desire
for return, in the right place and time and to the right person, is
considered to be charity in the element sattvas.
- But charity done for some ulterior motive, lusting for a certain
result, or given reluctantly, is considered to be charity in the element
- Charity done in a wrong place, at a wrong time, toward unworthy
recipients, or without respect or proper attention, is said to be charity
in the element tamas.
- Om, the real, symbolizes the threefold Brahma. The priests had
used it in the past, in their scriptures and rituals.
- Thus, Om symbolizes acts of ritual, charity and discipline. The
practitioners of the way of Brahma always begin any of these acts with
it, in accordance with the teachings.
- Thus without lust of result, various acts of ritual, charity
and discipline can be done by those who sincerely seek liberation.
- The real beings, the initiates thus bring the real into their
sincere acts, and the sound of the real is used, scion of Partha.
- In ritual, in discipline, in charity the real is vibrated. That
work is meant for the real, and so certainly the real is represented.
- That which is given with no trust, whether in ritual or discipline,
is said without the real. Scion of Partha, it has no purpose in this
life or the next.
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